My boyfriend has diabetes. He has always been a little on the thick side with wide feet, wide hands, thick calves, thick thighs. He has been quick to form muscle. In the past few months, his feet have become thin, his legs have lost their mass. He has been losing weight, though eating a significant amount of calories. I know his blood sugar runs high, and medication doesn't seem to do anything but make him feel sick. He's tried multiple types of medication for diabetes, as well as insulin. His blood sugar stays above 300 most of the time. If it goes below that, he feels fatigued. What is causing the sudden change in his body distribution of fat?
Thanks for your Reply!
Your boyfriend needs to put more effort into lifestyle change. A healthy diet comprised of vegetables, lean protein and dairy and few starchy carbohydrates helps many people control their diabetes, along with more regular activity. He also needs to work with his doctor on the medication and consistently take whatever is prescribed. Numbers like that are very dangerous and will soon cause serious complications.
His body is feeding on itself (fats and muscle) due to insulin resistance or his pancreas is no longer producing enough insulin. He's fatigued because his muscle cells are starved for quick energy (glucose). Can't use the glucose if he's insulin resistant or deficient. Needless to say, when a diabetic starts to lose large amounts of weight, that person needs immediate medical attention.
I agree with the advice above voicing concern that medical attention is needed. One likely explanation is that these are symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes. Muscle wasting and weight loss can occur as described above from high sugar levels in the urine and blood. That sugar can't get into the muscles and organs where it belongs.
To control the diabetes he needs to be compliant with medications and recognize the crucial importance of persistence with proper eating and exercise. He feels fatigued when his blood sugar goes below 300 and he doesn't tolerate the medications, but that may be because he has not allowed enough time to adjust to changes.
Lifestyle change can often correct the majority of the blood sugar problems. People regularly underestimate the power of lifestyle change to reverse disease, but those who have learned what to do can vouch for the tremendously favorable impact it has.
I had the same problem, the result of succumbing to clinical depression. I stopped taking insulin and monitoring my blood sugars. I lost a significant amount of weight, which was welcomed, but not as much fat as would've been optimal. The weight I lost was mostly muscle mass in my arms and legs. As you would expect, I became noticeably weaker. This occurred over the course of two-years.
It is most essential to get a grip on this! It does, indeed result in accelerated onset of unwanted consequences of diabetes; I now have peripheral neuropathies including gastroparesis, and I believe it accelerated the development of early cataracts in both eyes.
The gastroparesis makes control more difficult to manage, but I'm doing better now than before and my A1c's are very nearly in my doctor's target range. What has been most difficult is the overwhelming fatigue and weakness, as the muscle mass has been difficult for me to regain. I've fallen several times and it has been very difficult to get back up off of the floor.
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
The opinions expressed in WebMD Communities are solely those of the User, who may or may not have medical or scientific training. These opinions do not represent the opinions of WebMD. Communities are not reviewed by a WebMD physician or any member of the WebMD editorial staff for accuracy, balance, objectivity, or any other reason except for compliance with our Terms and Conditions. Some of these opinions may contain information about treatments or uses of drug products that have not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. WebMD does not endorse any specific product, service or treatment.
Do not consider Communities as medical advice. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your care plan or treatment. WebMD understands that reading individual, real-life experiences can be a helpful resource, but it is never a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment from a qualified health care provider. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or dial 911 immediately.