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    nutrient density
    jc3737 posted:
    Jennifer Di Noia, PhD
    Suggested citation for this article: Di Noia J. Defining Powerhouse Fruits and Vegetables: A Nutrient Density Approach. Prev Chronic Dis 2014;11:130390. DOI: Web Site Icon.

    Return to your place in the textTable 2. Powerhouse Fruits and Vegetables (N = 41), by Ranking of Nutrient Density Scoresa, 2014

    Item Nutrient Density Score
    Watercress 100.00
    Chinese cabbage 91.99
    Chard 89.27
    Beet green 87.08
    Spinach 86.43
    Chicory 73.36
    Leaf lettuce 70.73
    Parsley 65.59
    Romaine lettuce 63.48
    Collard green 62.49
    Turnip green 62.12
    Mustard green 61.39
    Endive 60.44
    Chive 54.80
    Kale 49.07
    Dandelion green 46.34
    Red pepper 41.26
    Arugula 37.65
    Broccoli 34.89
    Pumpkin 33.82
    Brussels sprout 32.23
    Scallion 27.35
    Kohlrabi 25.92
    Cauliflower 25.13
    Cabbage 24.51
    Carrot 22.60
    Tomato 20.37
    Lemon 18.72
    Iceberg lettuce 18.28
    Strawberry 17.59
    Radish 16.91
    Winter squash (all varieties) 13.89
    Orange 12.91
    Lime 12.23
    Grapefruit (pink and red) 11.64
    Rutabaga 11.58
    Turnip 11.43
    Blackberry 11.39
    Leek 10.69
    Sweet potato 10.51
    Grapefruit (white) 10.47
    a Calculated as the mean of percent daily values (DVs) (based on a 2,000 kcal/d diet) for 17 nutrients (potassium, fiber, protein, calcium, iron, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, zinc, and vitamins A, B6, B12, C, D, E, and K) as provided by 100 g of food, expressed per 100 kcal of food. Scores above 100 were capped at 100 (indicating that the food provides, on average, 100% DV of the qualifying nutrients per 100 kcal).
    twinb63 responded:
    The DOI link for this study is wrong and leads nowhere. Here's a link to an abstract:

    This paper is much needed and will be very useful not only to us but the public-at-large. Who woulda thunk the lowly watercress would top the list as most dense in this scoring system! Thanks for posting this JC.

    engineerguy replied to twinb63's response:
    Hi jc,


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