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Does Exercise Affect Your Ability to Conceive?
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Hyacinth Nicole Browne, MD posted:
Exercise is a great way to feel good about ourselves, and it is the first step in the right direction when we just want to be healthy and reduce stress. Exercising, for 30 minutes most days, is the current recommendation to lower the risk of developing heart disease, hypertension, obesity, and hypercholesterolemia.

Like anything else, too much or too little of something is not always good for us. When done in moderation, exercise is unlikely to impact our ability to conceive. The body needs a certain amount of body fat to reproduce, and too little body fat can cause women not to ovulate regularly and can even cause complete cessation of menses. This can cause women to have difficulty conceiving unless they regain weight.

The converse is also true. Too much body fat can cause menstrual irregularities. Higher insulin levels seen in overweight and obese women can prevent ovulation, and this can usually be corrected by a modest reduction in weight (5-10% of body fat).

When in doubt about how much is too much or whether more needs to be done, contact your physician to get advice.
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