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    Does Diet Affect Fertility?
    Hyacinth Nicole Browne, MD posted:
    Eating well always has its advantages, especially when you are trying to conceive. You should strive to reach a healthy weight prior to conception, not only to increase your chances of getting pregnant but also to prevent the long-term complications that are associated with the extremes of weight during pregnancy (i.e. hypertension, diabetes, growth restriction, operative delivery).

    There isn't a specific diet that you need to follow while trying to conceive, however, these sensible principals always hold true:

    Eat a nutrient-rich diet that is well balanced. Make sure that you are getting 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day while trying to minimize your fat, sugar, and salt intake.

    If you are overweight or obese, cut-back on saturated fats and carbohydrates. Implement a low-fat diet and one that is high in fiber. Exercise is just as important here, too. Sometimes, just losing 5-10% of your body weight is all that is needed to help you conceive.

    Cut-back on your caffeine consumption. Most of us cannot start our day without a cup of "Joe," but you may need to if you want to conceive. Too much caffeine a day (more than 300mg/day) has been linked to an increased rate of miscarriages and low birth weight. Do not forget that tea, cocoa, and of course chocolate counts, too.

    Cut-back on alcohol intake. A glass of wine can probably do all of us some good, but the effect of alcohol on fertility is inconclusive. If you are trying to get pregnant or if you have been having a hard time trying to conceive, it is probably best to eliminate alcohol intake. You will have plenty of time after the pregnancy to have a nice glass of wine again.

    Steps taken from now will only help to ensure a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby. When in doubt, you should always contact your physician before making any dietary changes while you are trying to conceive.

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    For more information, visit the Duke Fertility Center