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Prostate Cancer: Symptoms & Prevention
CBurology posted:

What are some symptoms of prostate cancer?

In its early stages, prostate cancer usually doesn't produce any noticeable symptoms. Unfortunately this is the reason it sometimes can spread beyond the prostate gland. Many times, prostate cancer is found during a routine screening.
Many of the earliest symptoms of prostate cancer affect the bladder, because the prostate tumor usually puts pressure on the bladder or the urethra, the tube that carries the urine. However, many bladder problems in men are also caused by benign prostate problems such as infections or an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia). When urinary symptoms occur, they can include:
  • Blood in urine, or semen
  • Decreased force of the urine stream
  • Starting and stopping while urinating
  • Trouble urinating
Some more severe symptoms that can occur once prostate cancer has spread to the lymph nodes (in the pelvis) can include:
  • Pain/discomfort in the pelvic region
  • Leg swelling
If the prostate cancer spreads to the bones, it can cause the following symptoms:
  • Bone fractures
  • Constant pain in the bones
  • Spine compression

Who is at risk for developing prostate cancer?

Men who are 50 years old and older have an increased chance of developing prostate cancer. Also, without known reasons, it has been found that black men have a higher risk of developing and dying from prostate cancer than other races. If a man's father or brother has developed prostate cancer, his risks are much greater to also develop the disease. Some studies have also shown that a high-fat diet and men who are obese have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. One theory has been studied that fat increases the production of the testosterone hormone, which may increase the development of prostate cancer cells.

What are some ways to prevent developing prostate cancer?

A healthy diet: Limiting intake of high-fat foods and increasing daily intake of healthy foods like, fruit, vegetables and whole grains will help reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer. Eating certain foods that are rich with the antioxidant, lycopene such as, tomatoes or tomato products, watermelon, grapefruits, garlic, arugula, bok choy, brussel sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage also aid in reducing the risks.
Exercising regularly:

Having a regular, consistent exercise routine will help prevent obesity, and also the possible development of prostate cancer. Exercising on a regular basis will also help prevent high blood pressure, high cholesterol and a heart attack. Although exercising doesn't have a direct connection with the prevention of cancer, it has been proven to strengthen the immune system, speed up digestion and improve circulation- all which play a role in cancer prevention. Regular exercise may also help to decrease the risk of prostate gland enlargement and urinary problems, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Taking Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
(NSAIDs): These drugs include: ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, etc.) and naproxen (Aleve). NSAIDs inhibit the enzyme, COX-2 which is found in prostate cancer cells. Although more studies are needed to confirm whether these drugs directly result in lowering the rates of prostate cancer or reduced deaths from the disease, it is possible they might prevent prostate cancer.

Urologist, Urology Surgeons: Doylestown, PA - specializing in urology and enlarged prostate treatment.
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For more information, visit the Duke Health Prostate Cancer Center