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    Understanding blood pressure readings
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    flmarie posted:
    Understanding blood pressure readings: diastolic and systolic You may have heard such readings like 130/86 mmHg or 123/82 mmHg, but what does this really tell us? Blood pressure readings use two numbers: diastolic and systolic.
    Diastolic is the bottom number; this number is always lower and tells us the pressure on the arteries between heart beats. This is the time when the heart refills with blood. Systolic is the top number which is always higher. It reveals the amount of pressure on the arteries while the heart beats.
    The American Heart Association has created recommendations for blood pressure so you can stay healthy and avoid hypotension and hypertension. The following recommendations are:
    • Hypotension (too low): Lower than 90/60 mmHg
    • Normal: Lower than 120/80 mmHg
    • Prehypertension: 120/80 to 139/89 mmHg
    • Hypertension stage 1: 140/90 to 159/99 mmHg
    • Hypertension stage 2: Higher than 160/100 mmHg
    • Hypertension crisis: 180/110 mmHg — emergency personnel should be called
    When it comes to importance, systolic pressure is more closely looked at because it is what can cause higher risks to your health, even more so with seniors.
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